• Users Online: 983
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 

 Table of Contents  
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 289-290

Bilateral chilaiditi syndrome in a child with sickle cell trait

1 Department of Pediatrics, Almana General Hospital, Al Ahsa, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Radiology, Dammam Medical Tower, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Date of Submission09-Jun-2022
Date of Decision10-Jul-2022
Date of Acceptance14-Jul-2022
Date of Web Publication18-Oct-2022

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Muneer H AlBagshi
Department of Pediatrics, Almana General Hospital, Al Ahsa, Hofuf
Saudi Arabia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joah.joah_54_22

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
AlBagshi MH, Alaithan FA. Bilateral chilaiditi syndrome in a child with sickle cell trait. J Appl Hematol 2022;13:289-90

How to cite this URL:
AlBagshi MH, Alaithan FA. Bilateral chilaiditi syndrome in a child with sickle cell trait. J Appl Hematol [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Sep 22];13:289-90. Available from: https://www.jahjournal.org/text.asp?2022/13/4/289/358712

A 10-year-old boy presented with recurrent abdominal pain for several months and constipation. He denied presence of vomiting, bloody stool, or abdominal distention. He was treated as sickle cell disease painful crisis because strong family history. A physical examination was otherwise unremarkable. Complete blood count showed hemoglobin (Hb) of 12.7 g/dl, white blood count of 3.55 × 103. Hb electrophoresis confirmed sickle cell trait; Hb: A - 61.3%, S - 34.5%, F - 0.9%, A2-3.3%. A plain abdominal radiograph showed bilateral abnormal gaseous shadows of colon, the right side the colon between diaphragm and the liver, whereas the left side colonic shadow was between the spleen and diaphragm as shown in [Figure 1]. Based on his history and presence of radiological signs, he was diagnosed with Chilaiditi syndrome. Conservative management with mild laxatives and a high-fiber diet were prescribed. Chilaiditi syndrome reported in 1910 by a Greek radiologist Demetrius Chilaiditi who described hepato-diaphragmatic interposition of the bowel, usually involving the transverse colon.[1] Although most of the patients are asymptomatic, few develop recurrent abdominal pain, constipation, or it may cause volvulus. Chest pain may occur as result of the distended colon pressing on the diaphragm.[2] In areas where sickle cell disease is prevalent careful review of history and clinical examination with support by Hb electrophoresis to document the patient status to avoid unnecessary interventions. Furthermore, serious conditions may be confused with it like pneumoperitoneum or diaphragmatic hernia. Chilaiditi sign on plain radiographs show gas between the liver and the diaphragm; rugal folds within the gas suggest that it is colonic haustration and not free gas. In case of clinical suspicion of abdominal visceral perforation, then computed tomography may be indicated. Conservative management is often sufficient in a child with symptomatic Chilaiditi syndrome. Surgical intervention is indicated in the presence of intestinal perforation or obstruction.[2],[3]
Figure 1: Gas between the liver and diaphragm, haustral within the gas, suggesting that it is within the bowel and not free air. Similarly, on the left side, gas between the diaphragm and spleen

Click here to view

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Chilaiditi D. On the question of hepatoptosis ptosis and generally in the exclusion of three cases of temporary partial liver displacement. Fortschr Geb Röntgenstr Nuklearmed 1910;11:173-208.  Back to cited text no. 1
Nichols BW, Figarola MS, Standley TB. A wandering liver. Pediatr Radiol 2010;40:1443-5.  Back to cited text no. 2
Fiumecaldo D, Buck L. Chilaiditi's syndrome causing high-grade small-bowel obstruction requiring exploratory laparotomy. Mil Med 2018;183:e281-3.  Back to cited text no. 3


  [Figure 1]


Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

  In this article
Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded101    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal